Snuff and Chew Tobacco are More Detrimental than Cigarettes

Thursday, August 28, 2008

Experts found that smokeless tobacco products (STPs), such as snuff and chew tobacco, can increase the user's risk of cancer, just not as much as smoking does.
Snuff and Chew Tobacco
Side effects of chewing tobacco and snuff are stained teeth, bad breath, sores on the gums and in the mouth that are stubborn to heal and other dental problems. After prolonged use there is a risk of developing oral cancer which may become apparent through a sore that does not heal, a white patch, prolonged sore throat, difficulty chewing, or a feeling there is a lump in the throat.

In order to make sure of these findings, researchers examined smokers who use STP and their risk of cancer. A team led by Dr. Paolo Boffeta, of the International Agency for Research on Cancer, in France, noted that STPs contain more than 30 carcinogens, including nitrosamines and metals.

Their analysis of studies from around the world found that STP users had an overall 80 percent increased risk of oral cancer and a 60 percent increased risk of esophageal cancer. They also had a similar increase in the risk of pancreatic cancer. European studies suggest no increased risk of lung cancer among STP users, but American studies suggest an 80 percent increased risk of lung cancer.

Cancer rates associated with STPs vary between countries. For example, more than 50 percent of oral cancers in India and Sudan are attributable to STPs, compared with 4 percent in the U.S.

Health researchers did not recommend smokeless tobacco as a substitute for smoking. Experts advise smokers to stop chewing tobacco for to reduce the side effects and health risks associated with it, because chewing or smokeless tobacco contains nicotine, a very addictive substance.

The nicotine gets into the bloodstream through absorption in the mouth and is slower acting than getting nicotine from smoking cigarettes. The most serious health risk associated with the smokeless habit is cancer.

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Anonymous said...

Thought some info on English nasal snuff now selling in the USA might be of interest.

Most medical associations are now aware of the benefits of Swedish Snus and the harm reduction Snus can provide, however few are aware of the further benefit of English nasal snuff. There has never been a medical case filed against an English nasal snuff company in the 300 years nasal snuff has been in production. Toque Snuff a nasal snuff has been proven to be 99% safer than smoking. Snuff is safer and more successful for stopping smoking than any other Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) and the number of educated smokers switching to less harmful nasal snuff is rising every day. Now is the time to stop smoking.

Success as a percentage of smokers who do not restart; snuff 76%, patches 17% and gum 12%.

Unlike oral tobacco (Snus) and the dangers associated with oral cancer, admittedly substantially less of a risk than cigarettes, there has never been a case of nasal cancer linked to an English nasal snuff company. The smoker who has failed with chewing gum and patches easily stops with snuff. They get all the nicotine and the pleasure of cigarettes from nasal snuff, without the health risk than oral tobacco.

When medical associations of the caliber of the Royal College of Physicians and Cancer Research have provided substantial evidence of the benefits of switching to nasal snuff, it is irresponsible of governments to continue to ignore this evidence. Not all tobacco is the same and switching to nasal snuff saves lives.

Professor Martin Jarvis, of Cancer Research UK: says that the health implications surrounding snuff use are significantly lower than smoking. "Studies show that the health hazards surrounding snuff are much less than cigarettes and the risk is approximately one per cent compared with the risks associated with smoking," he explains. "The reason for this is that by smoking you are setting fire to the products which causes their combustion. Snuff doesn’t have the combustion products which are carcinogenic and all the user is getting is the nicotine."

The late Dr Michael Russell, father of tobacco addiction research:
"Snuff could save more lives and avoid more ill-health than any other preventive measure likely to be available to developed nations well into the 21st century". "Switching from cigarettes to snuff could have enormous health benefits". Snuffing has two major advantages... Firstly there are no products of combustion such as tar, carbon monoxide and oxides of nitrogen. Secondly it cannot be inhaled into the lungs, which eliminates any risk of lung cancer.”

Professor (Sir) Robert Peto, Oxford University, World renowned epidemiologist on smoking:
“If this or some other such habit were to become widespread and did to any substantial extent replace smoking (particularly of cigarettes) then the net effect would be likely to be a reduction in tobacco-induced mortality.”
As a way of using nicotine, the consumption of non-combustible tobacco is of the order of 10-10,000 less hazardous than smoking, depending on the product. Some manufacturers want to market smokeless tobacco as a harm reduction option for nicotine users, and they may find support for that in the public health community.

John Smith said...

Thank You for the interesting information.